Life-long Latrobe Valley local Deb Decarli has taken on a unique job –
overseeing the safe production of hydrogen for a world-first project, in her
particularly people from the Latrobe Valley — are really invested in making the
region a great place to be. Life revolves around how we can help and support
Deb Decarli is a
big part of the Latrobe Valley community. As Secretary of the Yallourn North
Football and Netball club, she’s on a mission to ensure everyone has an
opportunity to participate and belong.
What fewer people
may know is that she’s a key team member in the world-first Hydrogen Energy
Supply Chain (HESC) Project, overseeing the safe gasification of Latrobe Valley
Working on the HESC
Project is more than a job for Deb – it’s a sign of opportunity and growth for
the region she’s called home for over 50 years, even though hydrogen as an
energy source can sound like a foreign concept to some.
“It’s an exciting
new industry our region is exploring. I’m passionate about talking with people
I know and explaining the vigorous safety measures we have in place. A lot of
people don’t realise that many hydrogen properties are safer to handle than
other commonly used fuels today.”
In her role as Health, Safety and Environment Specialist at the HESC gasification facility at Loy Yang, Deb ensures staff are safe and the process is being handled with constant care and precision.
“I take an active approach to my working days. An average day sees me moving throughout the plant, staying on top of processes and making sure everyone is working safely. I may also do some targeted inspections or audits in the field,” she said.
“The rest of my time is spent consulting with the employees and checking their safety perceptions, evaluating what can be done to improve safety, delivering toolbox preparation sessions, giving inductions to anyone coming onsite, conducting other safety training and on the very odd occasion, completing incident reports and investigations.”
Deb has enjoyed sharing
her knowledge of the HESC Project with family and friends and sharing the technology
behind creating clean hydrogen through carbon, capture and storage (CCS) from
Latrobe Valley coal.
“They are all
interested to see if this will result in a larger project that will create jobs
in the Latrobe Valley, which is important to a lot of people,” she said.
“If the current pilot phase extends into a larger operation, the region will benefit greatly. Other industries including CCS can be created and its possible the by-products can be used in other applications – creating more sustainable and diverse industries.”
She hopes to see the economy continue to grow and see communities supporting each other and working together to create new opportunities for generations to follow.
“I love that we are doing work that one day will help create a clean energy source for all Victorians to use.”
Readers may be surprised to learn that one of the world’s largest CCS research projects has been safely and successfully operating in Victoria for the past 15 years.
While carbon capture and storage (CCS) might seem like a new technology in the conversation around the growing hydrogen economy, few Australians may know that one of the world’s largest CCS projects has been taking place in their own backyard since 2007.
As part of CO2CRC’s Otway International Test Centre (OITC), over 95,000 tonnes of CO2 have successfully been injected and securely stored at a CCS site in Nirranda South, Victoria since 2007.
As a supporting organisation of the Hydrogen Energy Supply Chain (HESC) Project, the Otway Research Facility is a world-leading project to demonstrate that CCS is a technically and environmentally safe way to make deep cuts into global greenhouse gas emissions.
commercial-scale HESC project could produce 225,000 tonnes of clean hydrogen
annually with carbon capture and storage.
estimate our project could reduce CO2 emissions by 1.8 million tonnes per year,
equivalent to the emissions of some 350,000 petrol cars” Jeremy Stone,
Non-Executive Director of J-Power Latrobe Valley said.
CO2CRC uses the research
facility to understand the impact of CCS solutions in a global, economic, environmental,
and societal context and has previously shared findings with CSIRO, HESC,
CarbonNet and other project partners.
The findings from the Otway Research Facility are shared with political leaders, government officials, regulators and communities to help explain and better understand CCS in action.
The HESC Project Partners are looking forward to the findings from the latest Stage 3 Project that has been completed and which is developing next generation subsurface CO2 monitoring and verification technologies for application in commercial carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects.
J-Power Latrobe Valley engineer, Kanako Nagayama is driven to use her engineering skills and expertise to create a cleaner future for younger generations.
Kanako (Kana) Nagayama is driven to use her engineering skills and expertise to create a cleaner future for younger generations.
Working as a Process Engineer on the Hydrogen Energy Supply Chain (HESC) Project, Kana is very much looking forward to seeing the fuel of the future being used as a clean energy source around the world.
Working for J-Power Latrobe Valley, Kana has been enjoying the challenge of being part of the team responsible for turning Latrobe Valley coal into hydrogen gas and ensuring it is pure enough for liquefaction.
“The most interesting part of working on this
project has been working with the team to find the most efficient way to gasify
Latrobe Valley brown coal. We’ve been doing experiments with different seams to
make the maximum amount of pure hydrogen, with minimum energy. It’s challenging
work, but we’ve made really exciting progress.”
With over five years’ experience working
in power plant design throughout the world, Kana is part of the operations data
analysis team on the HESC Project.
As part of her day-to-day work, Kana reviews operations data from gasification and gas refining activity to determine the efficiency of the Latrobe Valley plant. She is also in charge of recording the amounts of hydrogen that are loaded into the tube-trailer during every operation.
“I enjoy generating ideas for improving
the plan through every operation we run,” Kana says.
When asked what about the future of hydrogen excites her most, Kana shared that the rapid development of clean hydrogen that has potential to be a future fuel source for cars, houses and industry without emissions being created.
“I’m really happy to see pure hydrogen being produced and loaded onto the tube-trailer in front of me.”
Kana enjoys living in Australia and experiencing the beautiful countryside, meeting friendly people and playing tennis as often as she can. She is a regular at Traralgon Tennis Club, playing every weekend with her friends and colleagues.
Kana forward to working with J-Power Latrobe Valley on HESC moving towards commercialisation over coming years and contributing to the development of technology for the benefit of society.
‘Australia’s globally renowned hydrogen legend,’ the General Manager of
Hydrogen Engineering Australia gave readers an in-depth look at the HESC
“Nobody in Australia was talking about hydrogen five years ago. Now lots of
players are seeking opportunities for hydrogen business.”
The article does a deep dive into the technology and processes behind producing clean hydrogen from Latrobe Valley coal that will be shipped to Japan by the first liquefied hydrogen carrier —the Suiso Frontier — between October 2021 and March 2022.
In the article, Hirofumi
shared how the liquefaction facility in Hastings he oversees runs with hydrogen
gas going through several stages of heat exchangers, with liquefied nitrogen
and cryogenic helium gas (as a refrigerant) producing cold energy to cool down
the gas and produce liquefied hydrogen (LH2) at -235 degrees centigrade.
“Over the coming
months, operations at each of the Latrobe Valley and Hasting’s sites will
continue and the pilot will yield data and insights that feed into the pathway
to commercialisation,” Hirofumi said.
In the commercial
phase, the hydrogen produced by HESC will be used mainly for power generation
and mobility such as hydrogen cars in Japan. However, some of the hydrogen
could also be used domestically in Australia—Hirofumi says HESC is exploring a
range of potential customers.
While hydrogen production is relatively new in Australia, Hirofumi says he looks forward to seeing people from the gas and mining industries applying their skills to this new energy source.
“I believe that most electricity will be generated from hydrogen in near future,” he told the magazine.
“A commercial HESC Project has the potential to create thousands of sustainable jobs in Victoria and it would create a thriving hydrogen export industry with huge local economic benefits.”
Hydrogen produced in the Latrobe Valley has been used to
fuel Toyota’s hydrogen-powered Corolla in the 2021 Super Taikyu Series in
The hydrogen was supplied by the Hydrogen Energy Supply Chain (HESC) Project Partners, and fuelled Toyota Corporation’s car in the race known as the ‘Top Endurance Race Series in Asia’.
The car raced for over five hours with its performance on
par with a gasoline-fuelled vehicle. This is the third time Toyota has raced
with the hydrogen-fuelled engine, but the first time it has used Latrobe Valley
hydrogen, which brought with it several improvements, Toyota reported.
The car’s outstanding performance demonstrates the quality
and energy that clean hydrogen produced from the Latrobe Valley can provide not
only for racing cars but for transport, globally.
Jeremy Stone, Non-Executive Director of J-Power Latrobe
Valley said, “We’re really pleased we can produce Latrobe Valley hydrogen to
the highest purity standards, which is required for fuelling racing cars which
produce zero emissions.”
“It’s fantastic to collaborate with all the HESC
Project Partners and see the fuel of the future being adopted by global auto
businesses such as Toyota.”
Hydrogen Energy Supply Chain (HESC) Project welcomes recent reforms to the Australian
Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) that will greatly accelerate Australia’s
ability to become a leading player in the global hydrogen revolution.
ARENA’s expanded remit will allow it to support a broader range of technologies including the clean hydrogen and carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies outlined in Australia’s National Hydrogen Strategy and First Low Emissions Technology Statement.
Project is a world-first initiative that is using these technologies to
demonstrate that hydrogen produced through gasification of coal in Victoria’s
Latrobe Valley with CCS technologies can be safely and cost-effectively
produced and exported to Japan.
role will spur increased investment in Australian hydrogen infrastructure that
will underpin renewable hydrogen initiatives and the HESC Project alike.
of Australia’s hydrogen industry has been exponential since the launch of the
Australian portion of the HESC Pilot in 2018. These latest reforms to ARENA
signal an exciting next step that will further support the creation of future-proofed
Australian jobs and boost international decarbonisation efforts under the Paris
The HESC Project has again been emphasised as a key example of cooperation between Japan and Australia during a recent meeting between the Australian Minister for Trade, Tourism and Investment, the Hon Dan Tehan MP, and the Japanese Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry, HE Mr Kajiyama Hiroshi. The pair met in Tokyo on 15 July 2021 and were joined virtually by the Minister for Energy and Emissions Reduction, the Hon Angus Taylor MP, to discuss the progress of initiatives which will drive the transition to net zero emissions and achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement.
The HESC Project featured prominently in these discussions and was referenced in their joint statement that agreed to continue prioritising initiatives on clean hydrogen and carbon capture and storage, ahead of the 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26. The Ministers reiterated the view that a technology-led response is critical to reducing greenhouse gas emissions while also ensuring economic growth.
The HESC Project Partners appreciate the ongoing support from the Australian and Japanese Governments, which is key to successful implementation of the HESC Project. On the sidelines of this meeting, we were honoured to welcome Minister Tehan to the HESC’s liquefied hydrogen terminal in Kobe, ‘Hy touch Kobe’, along with Her Excellency Ms Jan Adams AO, PSM, Australia’s Ambassador to Japan. The pair were given a tour of the site and the world’s first liquefied hydrogen carrier, the Suiso Frontier.
HESC Project Partners today announced the project would contribute $5000 to the Gippsland Emergency Relief Fund (GERF) to provide immediate financial assistance to flood affected Gippsland communities.
HESC Project Partner and Non-Executive Director of J-Power Latrobe Valley, Jeremy Stone, said it was important for the project to support the community it operates in.
“We are proud to be part of the Gippsland community – many members of our team call the Latrobe Valley home, so it saddened us to see the devastation caused by the floods earlier this month,” he said.
“Over the years, the people in this region have proven their resilience and commitment to supporting each other. We are honoured to play our part in this, especially through donating to GERF and the fantastic work it does.”
The GERF has so far distributed $133,000 to 55 eligible recipients across Gippsland, including residents from Latrobe, Wellington, Baw Baw and South Gippsland.
Update: At the closure of the appeal, GERF raised and distributed $627,000 to 268 families across five impacted municipalities, which means it is the organisation’s largest flood-related fundraising event in its history.
On Sunday June 13th 2021 Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and his Japanese counterpart Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga engaged in a discussion on the sidelines of the G7 summit and announced Australia and Japan’s joint Partnership on Decarbonisation Through Technology.
Sharing a commitment to achieve the ambitious goals of the climate
change Paris Agreement, the announcement reinforced each nation’s shared view that a technology-led response is critical to reducing
greenhouse gas and carbon emissions while also ensuring economic growth and job
creation. Importantly, the leaders highlighted the paramount role that the
nascent hydrogen industry will play in driving the low emission technology
transition across multiple sectors.
They have committed to increasing their joint focus in many energy sectors including clean hydrogen and derivatives produced from renewable energy or fossil fuels with substantial carbon capture, utilisation and storage.
The role of the HESC Project was singled out, once again, as an initiative of national significance for both countries with enormous global potential for broader decarbonisation, in line with the renewed impetus and focus of the G7 leaders. The joint statement from the two leaders said, “This partnership builds on our already strong cooperation through initiatives and statements such as the Hydrogen Energy Supply Chain (HESC), the Japan-Australia Energy and Resources Dialogue (JAERD) and the Australia-Japan Joint Statement of Cooperation on Hydrogen and Fuel Cells.“
HESC Project Partners warmly welcome the Australian and Japanese governments continued joint determination to reduce global emissions through technology-led initiatives and look forward to the successful delivery of the pilot project demonstration as well as a promising move towards full commercial operations in the years to come.
Sugiyama moved to Australia in 2019 to take on the role of Finance Manager for
Hydrogen Engineering Australia (HEA).
motivated to move overseas and work on a future-focused business, like the
Hydrogen Energy Supply Chain (HESC) Project.
He studied accounting and economics at a university in Japan, before working at a large accounting firm for 7 years. Haruki says experience in accounting, tax, and communication is key to managing the finances for HEA as part of the HESC Project.
significant part of my role is communicating with all the HESC Project Partners
and managing the collective budget for this project,” Haruki said.
experience working on many accounting and tax-related projects in his career,
he is well-placed to manage project financials.
asked what the greatest challenge working on the HESC Project is, Haruki said,
“HESC is a world-first project that is creating a hydrogen supply chain from
Australia to Japan. Sometimes we face unexpected issues, but the most rewarding
part of my role is working with and receiving the support of HESC Project
Partners to overcome these unexpected challenges.”
lived in Melbourne for the past two years, Haruki shares how different his life
in Australia is compared to living in Japan.
enjoy not worrying about earthquakes and squishing into unbelievably packed
trains,” he said.
also enjoy going for drives with my wife in Victoria and discovering new places
we haven’t visited before. Australians are really friendly and have really good
Haruki looks forward to working on the HESC Project as it works towards commercialisation over the coming years.
Fourteen members of the Hastings Country Fire Authority (CFA) toured Australia’s first and only hydrogen liquefaction, storage, and loading facility at the Port of Hastings in April.
For each of the local Fire Fighters, it was their first tour of a hydrogen facility.
Hirofumi Kawazoe, General Manager of Hydrogen Engineering Australia led the tour and said the group was keen to see demonstrations of the on-site fire-fighting equipment and deluge system (a fire sprinkler system). It sprays water on the liquid hydrogen (LH2) storage container and hydrogen gas (GH2) trailer.
Mike Willmott, second Lieutenant of the Hastings Fire Brigade said, “Following the Site Tour of the Hydrogen Liquification Plant, all firefighters were impressed with the level of safety and the amazing technology that was being employed.”
“The Brigade would like to sincerely thank Mr. Hiro for taking the time to allow us to tour the facility. I know that after the visit and from the talk amongst the firefighters back at the station, there would be more members who were not able to attend the evening, who would benefit from a visit.”
“I really enjoyed answering questions and giving the Fire Fighters a tour of the HESC site. There was great interest in our operations,” Mr. Kawazoe said.
At the engineering stage for the liquefaction plant, HESC Project Partner, Kawasaki Heavy Industries (KHI), and Iwatani Corporation (Iwatani) undertook various risk assessments to manage fire hazards at the liquefaction plant, including Hazard Operability and Hazard Identification assessments.
The plant has many safety devices such as sprinkler systems, hydrogen detectors, fire and explosion-proof equipment, and more.
Furthermore, the plant has been built at a far
enough range from any bushland.
KHI has previously worked with the Hastings CFA
by seeking and adopting feedback on its Fire Safety Study for the site. KHI has
also worked with Coregas, which brings strong expertise in health, safety and
environmental safety from managing hydrogen facilities around Australia.
The HESC Project continues to work with emergency service organizations in Hastings and Latrobe Valley to ensure safe operations.
On Monday, the 24th of May, His Excellency Japanese Ambassador Shingo Yamagami hosted HESC Project Partner representatives for dinner at the Embassy of Japan in Canberra.
Also joining the dinner was The Honourable Angus Taylor MP, Minister for Energy and Emissions Reduction, and Dr. Alan Finkel AO, Special Adviser to the Australian Government on Low Emissions Technology.
The group discussed various topics of interest including both countries’ commitments to creating a clean hydrogen economy, promising global hydrogen demand projections, the importance of CCS technology for early commercialisation, and, of course, the progress and key role of the HESC Project in the hydrogen partnership between Australia and Japan.
HESC Project Partners are grateful for the support of the Japanese and Australian Governments and were honored to have been invited to share an evening with such distinguished guests.
They look forward to continuing these strong relationships.
The report looks at: the emissions abatement opportunity
clean hydrogen produced from fossil fuels with CCS provides; cost drivers for
hydrogen produced from fossil fuels compared to renewable hydrogen; and policy
recommendations to drive investment in clean hydrogen production.
The emissions abatement opportunity clean hydrogen
produced from fossil fuels with CCS provides
For clean hydrogen to play a significant role in achieving
climate targets, the report says hydrogen production needs to ramp up from less
than two million tonnes per annum (Mtpa) to over 500Mtpa in less than 30 years.
If this target is met, it could deliver a 6 billion tonne CO2
reduction from 2050 onwards.
Cost drivers for hydrogen
produced with fossil fuels and CCS compared to renewable hydrogen
The cost of producing clean hydrogen from fossil fuels with
CCS can vary significantly from place to place due to differences in fuel
costs. According to 2019 data from the International Energy Agency (IEA),
hydrogen made from fossil fuel with CCS costs significantly less than hydrogen
from renewables – USD $1.20 –2.60/kg, compared to USD $3.20-7.70.
The GCCSI states this form of hydrogen production is most affordable as it utilizes existing available resources, infrastructure, and well-established supply chains.
Renewable hydrogen is currently more expensive to produce than clean hydrogen from fossil fuels with CCS due to capital expenditure required for electrolyzers, price of electricity and the utilization of electrolyzers.
Due to the falling cost of renewable energy and the abundant
availability of solar and wind resources, Australia has the potential to
produce renewable hydrogen for global export at a competitive price, in the
The report concludes that ramping up the demand and scale for the production of clean hydrogen requires a strong and sustained policy.
Seven recommendations are given in the report:
Define the role clean hydrogen produced from fossil fuels using CCS will play in meeting national emissions reduction targets and communicate this to industry and the public;
Create a certain, long term, high value on the storage of CO2;
Support the identification and appraisal of geological storage resources for CCS;
Develop and promulgate specific CCS laws and regulations that include the transfer of long-term liability for geologically stored CO2 to the Government subject to acceptable performance and behaviour of the stored CO2;
Identify opportunities for CCS hubs where clean hydrogen from fossil fuels with CCs can be produced and facilitate their establishment;
Provide low-cost finance and/or guarantees or take equity to reduce the cost of capital for hydrogen produced from fossil fuels with CCS investments; and
Where necessary, provide material capital grants to hydrogen from fossil fuels with CCS projects/hubs to initiate private investment.
In April, the Australian Government announced it will invest $275.5 million to accelerate the development of four additional clean hydrogen “hubs” in regional areas and implement a clean hydrogen certification scheme. It will also invest $263.7 million to support the development of carbon capture, use, and storage projects and “hubs”.
The GCCSI states that the urgency to reach net-zero emissions targets requires the deployment of all emissions-reducing technology.
Technologies that are mature, commercially available at a large scale, and have been used for many years, must be deployed.
The HESC Project welcomes the Australian Government’s
additional investment in low emission technologies as part of this year’s
The investments will support Australian industry,
create jobs, help cut emissions and drive investment while creating a new
energy economy in Australia.
As pre-announced by the Energy Minister and the
Prime Minister in April, the flagship hydrogen announcement was the
establishment of a $1.2 billion Technology Co-Investment Facility.
Of this, $639 million will back low-emissions
international technology partnerships and initiatives, by co-funding research
and demonstration projects and developing a carbon offset scheme in the
Indo-Pacific region. Also included is $263.7 million to support the development
of carbon capture technologies and hubs and $275.5 million to accelerate the
development of four additional clean hydrogen export hubs and implement a clean hydrogen certification scheme.
The HESC Project Partners are contributing to shaping this certification scheme and are thrilled to see more investment in areas that are critical to commercializing a clean hydrogen economy.
Earlier in May, Energy Minister Angus Taylor also
announced more than $100 million in ARENA funding towards three
commercial-scale renewable hydrogen projects.
This investment will assist the industry to advance commercial, large-scale hydrogen projects and complement the HESC project’s hydrogen production capacity to the benefit of the entire nascent Australian hydrogen industry.
“It is essential we position Australia to succeed by investing now in the technologies that will support our industries into the future, with lower emissions energy that can support Australian jobs,” the Prime Minister said.
is a strong appetite from business for the new emissions reduction technologies
that they know will be needed to run their operations and keep employing
Australians and grow jobs for the future.”
HESC Project Partners commend the Australian Government for its visionary
policy decisions and look forward to continuing working together with all
Government and private sector partners to boost the development of Australia’s
The HESC Project is hosting community drop-in sessions in Gippsland and Hastings over the coming weeks. The informal drop-in sessions are open to everyone and provides an opportunity to discuss the project with the HESC team, give feedback, ask questions and raise concerns.
Join our HESC Project team at one of the following sessions:
Morwell Mid-Valley Shopping Centre Corner of Centre Valley Road and Princes Drive, Morwell Between Woolworths and Big W Date: Tuesday, 27th April Time: 1.30PM -5.30PM
Hastings Woolworths Hastings 11-23 Victoria St, Hastings VIC 3915 Date: Wednesday, 28th April and Tuesday, 11th May Time: 2PM-6PM
Traralgon Traralgon Centre Plaza 166-188 Franklin Street Traralgon Between Kmart and Coles Date: Wednesday, 12th May Time: 2.30PM-5.30PM
moved to Australia in June 2019, bringing his family and vast experience in
hydrogen gasification technologies with him.
Mr Tomioka is the Chief Engineer for J-Power Latrobe Valley (J-Power LV), which recently announced commencement of hydrogen production from its coal gasification and hydrogen refining facility in the Latrobe Valley.
“The best thing
about being part of HESC is working with all the plant personnel to reach the
same goal of producing hydrogen,” Mr Tomioka said.
Mr Tomioka is
involved with planning and executing operations, maintenance and analysing the performance
of the HESC Project’s Latrobe Valley facility.
At a Japanese university, he studied catalytic reforming methodology of petroleum, including hydrogen production and earned a Master’s Degree in Applied Chemistry.
This study set him up to take on
the exciting opportunities that the emerging hydrogen economy is unlocking.
first job was working in environmental management of a coal power station in
Japan, with J-Power. He reported on the CO2 emissions produced by
the station and evaluated them against government emissions reduction targets.
work, I realised the importance of a zero-emissions future and became strongly
motivated to become involved in a hydrogen production project that can achieve
this goal,” he said.
In his second
job, Mr Tomioka gained the knowledge and experience of coal gasification he
uses today, from the J-Power Wakamatsu research institute.
working at the Institute— a centre focused on coal gasification technologies, gas
refining technology, carbon dioxide separation and capture facilities —Mr
Tomioka was captivated by HESC and requested to be assigned to the Chief
Engineer role in Australia.
Of the biggest
challenge faced while working on the HESC Project, Mr Tomioka said: “Operations
of the plant requires a lot of my experience and knowledge but when the
Victorian coal is gasified and refined from Victorian coal to hydrogen, I feel very
Mr Tomioka resides
in Traralgon and is fascinated by the old power station and landscape on the trip
to work each day.
Mr Tomioka not
only finds joy in his work, but in colloquialisms used by his Australian counterparts.
“I love hearing
the phrase ‘no worries’. It makes me happy every time I hear it.”
Mr Tomioka will
continue working in the Latrobe Valley for the duration of the HESC Pilot
Project and hopes to explore Australia’s beautiful nature and wildlife with his
family in his free time.
Coregas Engineer Ross Renna brings over 30 years of experience in the industrial gases industry to the Hydrogen Energy Supply Chain (HESC) Project.
Mr Renna started working
with HESC in 2019, when he set up key equipment at the Hastings and Latrobe
Valley sites. He was also involved in preparation for Coregas to handle site
operations at HESC’s hydrogen liquefaction facility – the first of its kind in
Now working as Transition
Manager, Mr Renna still maintains oversight of each site. He
oversees the day-to-day contract
and commercial requirements for the Hydrogen Liquefaction plant at Hastings,
where he is based. At the same time, he provides technical support for
He also brings a wealth of
safety experience to the HESC Project, previously working in Major Hazard
Facilities such as chemical and petrochemical plants.
No two days are the same
when working on the HESC Project, but he describes his work as exciting and
a day, I could be working through a plant risk assessment, reviewing
operational procedures for the ship transfer of the liquid hydrogen, and also
working through commercial invoicing,” Mr Renna said.
worked for years in the gases industry, Mr Renna has heard a lot of talk about
hydrogen being the fuel of the future. He shared his enthusiasm at being part
of a project that brings this talk to fruition.
me, it’s about being involved in a very exciting project which could have a
major impact in decarbonising industry and society,” he said.
feels like everywhere you look hydrogen is being discussed and Australia is
starting to do its share in developing new hydrogen projects. This is
really exciting for the future of hydrogen, especially for Australia.”
Renna shared that there is a lot of potential for people with experience
working in Major Hazard Facilities to apply their skills and knowledge to the
emerging hydrogen industry.
and experience from Major Hazard Facility sites, such as operational safety
controls, safe work practices and risk assessment development methodologies can
be transferred to projects like HESC, and other emerging hydrogen projects in
Reflecting on his two proudest moments so far working on the HESC Project, Mr Renna shared that one of the moments is when Coregas took operational management of the site from Kawasaki Heavy Industries (KHI) to operate and maintain the liquefaction site at Hastings.
has been a lot of great work from the Hastings team and many other Coregas team
members behind the scenes as well.”
proudest moment is the first-time liquid hydrogen was produced from the plant
and filled into the liquid hydrogen site container.”
With the HESC Project in its pilot phase, Mr Renna shares many of the challenges he and the team from KHI and Iwatani Corporation are working to overcome. A key challenge is around transferring liquid hydrogen from the Hastings site, onto the Suiso Frontier, when it arrives.
“At present, our focus is planning the
important phase of performing the liquid hydrogen ship transfer. I believe a
great working relationship has now been established with Coregas, KHI and
Iwatani” he said.
Renna will continue his important role while working on the HESC Project and
looks forward to seeing it in a commercial phase.
is one of the largest hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and argon producers in
Australia, has been an integral part of the HESC project. The company is
providing engineering consultancy, onsite support and equipment for the
gasification plant at Loy Yang in the Latrobe Valley and the Australian first
liquefaction and loading facility at Port of Hastings.
For HESC Project Partner, Kawasaki Heavy Industries (KHI), liquefied hydrogen has long been the fuel of choice for its rockets. The company’s Tanegashima Space Centre is home to Japan’s largest liquefied hydrogen storage tank.
A similarly designed tank has been replicated for the HESC Project and is being used to store liquefied hydrogen at the Hastings liquefaction and loading terminal and the Kobe port-side storage facility.
is a fuel for the future, but for many years the challenges associated with its
storage saw it overlooked.
Hydrogen is a bulky gas, requiring more space for storage than conventional natural gas. To decrease storage capacity and for ease of transportation, hydrogen can be stored in liquid form. This reduces the hydrogen to 1/800 of its original size. However, when liquefied hydrogen is poured into a conventional tank, it can rapidly heat up, causing evaporation and loss.
Sato works in KHI’s Cryogenic Storage System Engineering Department and
explains how the company overcame this obstacle.
“In order to keep the hydrogen in its liquefied state, we needed a method to ensure a storage temperature of -253°C, which is extremely low,” said Mr Sato.
“Given the large mass of liquefied hydrogen, permanent cooling was not an option because of the huge running costs involved.
is why we designed a cooling structure similar to a colossal thermos, so to
Rather than cool the hydrogen, the design of the tank prevents any possible rise in temperature as soon as the liquefied hydrogen is loaded inside.
is achieved by a double-hull. The gap between the two hulls is filled with
perlite, which is used for insulation, and the resulting design creates a system
that allows for effective storage.
addition, the tank had to be designed to suppress any kind of heat conduction,
minimising any surface area where thermal transfer could occur.
results speak for themselves.
“This liquefied hydrogen tank was built in 1987 and has been in operation ever since. To date, we have found no sign of deterioration in its cold insulation performance,” Sato said.
nature of the storage technology means that the tank can be used to store clean
hydrogen from any source – including Australia.