Port of Hastings

The process and technology

A newly constructed liquefaction, storage and loading facility will convert hydrogen gas (H2) to liquefied hydrogen (LH2) using existing commercial technology already in use overseas.


A liquefaction plant using established technology already in use around the world will convert hydrogen gas into liquefied hydrogen (LH2). The liquefaction process will cool the hydrogen gas to −253°C and reduce it to 1/800th of its gaseous volume.

The plant will be the first hydrogen liquefaction facility in Australia for demonstration purposes.

LH2 storage and loading

Liquefied hydrogen will be held in a storage container before being loaded onto a marine carrier for transport to Japan. KHI is developing a specialised system to load the liquefied hydrogen onto the carrier.

KHI has more experience than any other company in the storage and transport of liquefied hydrogen. It built the storage tanks used to hold hydrogen rocket fuel at the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) Tanegashima Space Centre. This technology has been in use for more than 25 years.

Transport (LH2 Carrier)

HESC will be the first initiative to transport mass quantities of liquefied hydrogen across open waters and will use an innovative, world first hydrogen carrier.

Australia and Japan worked together to develop interim carriage requirements for the transportation of liquid hydrogen in bulk from Australia to Japan. In November 2016, the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) approved these requirements to safely transport liquefied hydrogen in bulk over waters. This demonstrates that Australia, Japan and the HESC Project are leading the way in setting the standards for a world-first hydrogen export industry.

LH2 unloading

The liquefied hydrogen will be unloaded at a specially designed base in Kobe, Japan.

The Port of Hastings facility is expected to:

  • Have an overall footprint of approximately 1 hectare
  • Have a 0.25 tonne per day liquefaction capacity
  • Have a 41m3 LH2 storage container.

The pilot phase specialised marine carrier is expected to:

  • Have a ship tank capacity of 1,250m3
  • Make approximately one trip every 3 months, between Australia and Japan, over the one-year pilot.

View some frequently asked questions.