Port of Hastings

The process and technology

The newly constructed liquefaction, storage and loading facility will convert hydrogen gas (H2) to liquefied hydrogen (LH2) using existing commercial technology already in use overseas.


The liquefaction plant will use established technology already in use around the world will convert hydrogen gas into liquefied hydrogen (LH2). The liquefaction process will cool the hydrogen gas to −253°C and reduce it to 1/800th of its gaseous volume.

The plant is the first hydrogen liquefaction facility in Australia for demonstration purposes.

LH2 storage and loading

Liquefied hydrogen will be held in a storage container before being loaded onto a marine carrier for transport to Japan. KHI is developing a specialised system to load the liquefied hydrogen onto the carrier.

KHI has more experience than any other company in the storage and transport of liquefied hydrogen. The company built the storage tanks used to hold hydrogen rocket fuel at the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) Tanegashima Space Centre. This technology has been in use for more than 25 years.

Transport (LH2 Carrier)

HESC will be the first initiative to transport mass quantities of liquefied hydrogen across open waters and will use an innovative, world first hydrogen carrier.

Australia and Japan worked together to develop interim carriage requirements for the transportation of liquid hydrogen in bulk from Australia to Japan. In November 2016, the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) approved these requirements to safely transport liquefied hydrogen in bulk over waters. This demonstrates that Australia, Japan and the HESC Project are leading the way in setting the standards for a world-first hydrogen export industry.

The pilot phase specialised marine carrier is expected to have negligible impact on the surrounding area due to the small size, location, and activities to be undertaken. The first shipment is planned for the second half of the 2021 Japanese fiscal year — between October 2021-March 2022.

LH2 unloading

The liquefied hydrogen will be unloaded at a specially designed base in Kobe, Japan.

The Port of Hastings plant:

Has an overall footprint of approximately 2.5 hectares

Has a 0.25 tonne per day liquefaction capacity

Has a 41m3 LH2 storage container.

The pilot phase specialised marine carrier is expected to:

Have a ship tank capacity of 1,250m3

Make the first shipment in early 2021.

The liquefaction of hydrogen gas which is to be produced and transported from the Latrobe Valley is likely to commence in early 2021.

In Hastings, around 60 direct jobs have been created for the construction phase, while 15 are expected to operate the facility. 200 indirect jobs have been created during both the construction and operation phases.

    View some frequently asked questions.